While most ovarian cysts are asymptomatic and resolve on their own, others cause significant pelvic pain and other unpleasant symptoms. The physicians at Boro Park OB/GYN understand the stress and discomfort brought on by ovarian cysts and offer innovative treatment options at their Brooklyn, New York office location. If you experience pain or any other abnormality in your pelvic region, schedule an appointment right away by calling or using the online scheduling option.
Women have two ovaries, which produce eggs as well as the hormones progesterone and estrogen. Your ovaries are the size of a walnut and in the lower portion of your abdomen on either side of your uterus.
Ovarian cysts are closed sacs or pockets within an ovary filled with either a liquid or a semi-solid substance. There are several different types of ovarian cysts, and most women will develop at least one ovarian cyst at some point in their lives.
Follicular cysts are the most common type and occur during the normal growth of the fluid-filled sac (follicle) that contains and releases each egg. If the egg is not released, that follicle may continue to grow, becoming a follicular cyst.
After a follicle releases an egg, it produces estrogen and progesterone to enable conception and transitions into a corpus luteum cyst. If fluid builds up inside the follicle corpus luteum, it can develop into a cyst.
These cysts occur in women with endometriosis, a condition marked by abnormal endometrial cell growth outside of the uterus. When a portion of endometrial tissue bleeds over time, a blood-filled cyst develops.
A rare type of cyst, dermoid cysts occur when ovarian tissue develops abnormally in other kinds of body tissues, including hair or teeth. These growths are called cysts but are a type of tumor.
It’s important to learn the signs of ovarian cysts, so you understand when to seek medical treatment. Common symptoms include:
You may receive an ovarian cyst diagnosis during a routine pelvic exam. Ultrasound testing is another powerful diagnostic tool.
During an ultrasound, high-frequency sound waves create an image of your ovaries and surrounding organs (this is called a sonogram). Sonograms often show evidence of ovarian cysts and other tissue abnormalities.
Not all ovarian cysts require treatment. For those that are large or symptomatic, treatment options include hormonal contraceptives to slow development of new cysts.
If you have an ovarian cyst that needs to be removed, Boro Park OB/GYN has specialists on staff that can complete state-of-the-art laparoscopic surgeries. If you experience symptoms of ovarian cysts, schedule an appointment with Boro Park OB/GYN right away.